The Double Character of the Divison of Labour.

Interesting passage on how the social division of labour relates to the division of labour in the factory:

“DIVISION OF LABOUR is, in one sense, nothing but CO-EXISTING LABOUR, that is, the CO-EXISTENCE of different kinds of labour which are represented in DIFFERENT KINDS OF PRODUCE OR RATHER COMMODITIES. The DIVISION OF LABOUR in the capitalist sense, as the breaking down of the particular labour which produces a definite commodity into a series of simple and co-ordinated operations divided up amongst different workers, presupposes the division of labour within society outside the workshop, as SEPARATION OF OCCUPATIONS. On the other hand, it [division of labour] increases it [separation of occupations]. The product is increasingly produced as a commodity in the strict sense of the word, its exchange value becomes the more independent of its immediate existence as use value, and its production becomes more and more independent of its consumption by the producers and of its existence as use value for the producers, the more one-sided it itself becomes, and the greater the variety of commodities for which it is exchanged, the greater the kinds of use values in which its exchange value is expressed, and the larger the market for it becomes. The more this happens, the more the product can be produced as a commodity; therefore also on an increasingly large scale. The producer’s indifference to the use value of his product is expressed quantitatively in the amounts in which he produces it, which bear no relation to his own consumption needs, even when he is at the same time a consumer of his own product. The division of labour within the workshop is one of the methods used in this production en masse and consequently in the production of the product. Thus the division of labour within the workshop is based on the division of OCCUPATIONS in society.” mecw 32 402


About HR

Deep in the adjunct crackhole.
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