Value in 1861-63.

More passages that demand as much scrutiny as the ones on estranged labour in 1844:

“If we consider first of all the relationship as it has become, value which hasbecome capital (and surplus value which has become surplus capital), and living labour as mere use value confronting it, so that living labour appears as mere means for the valorisation of objectified, dead labour, for its permeation with a life-giving soul while losing its own soul to it — and having produced as a result alien wealth on the one hand, but on the other, as its own property, only the necessitousness of living labour capacity — then we can see clearly that the physical conditions of real labour (the material in which it is valorised, the instrument by means of which it is valorised, and the means of subsistence which kindle the flame of living labour capacity into activity and prevent its being extinguished, and supply the necessary matter for its life process) are posited in and through the process itself as alien, independent existences; in other words as the mode of existence of an alien person, as self-sufficient values-for-themselves, and thus as values which form wealth alien to the living labour capacity which confronts them in subjective isolation, the wealth of the capitalist. The [XXII-1394] Tableau économique of the Reproduction Process as a Whole objective conditions of living labour appear as separate values, become independent as against living labour capacity as subjective being, which therefore appears, as against them, only as value of another kind (distinct from them not as value, but as use value). Once this separation is presupposed, the production process can only produce it anew, reproduce it, and that on a larger scale. How it does this, we have already seen. The objective conditions of living labour capacity are presupposed as independent existences confronting it, as the objectivity of a subject distinct from living labour capacity and independently confronting it. The reproduction and valorisation, i.e. the expansion, of these objective conditions is therefore simultaneously their reproduction and their new production as the wealth of an alien subject, indifferent to and independently confronting labour capacity. What is reproduced and newly produced is not only the being of these objective conditions of living labour but their being as alien to the worker, as independent values, i.e. values belonging to an alien subject, confronting this living labour capacity. The objective conditions of labour gain a subjective existence as against living labour capacity — capital gives rise to the capitalist. On the other hand, the purely subjective being of labour capacity vis-á-vis its own conditions gives it a merely indifferent objective form as against these conditions — it is only a value of a particular use value — a commodity — alongside its own conditions as values of a different use value — other commodities. [XXII-1396] Instead of being reproduced in the production process as conditions for its realisation, they on the contrary emerge from it as conditions for their own valorisation and preservation as values-for-themselves over against it. The material on which it works is alien material; just as the instrument is an alien instrument; its labour appears as a mere accessory to them as substance and therefore objectifies itself in things not belonging to it. Indeed, living labour itself appears as alien vis-á-vis the living labour capacity whose labour it is, whose life it expresses, for it is surrendered to capital in return for objectified labour, for the product of labour itself. Labour capacity relates to it as to something alien, as compulsory labour. Its own labour is alien to it — and, as we see in capitalist production, it really is alien, as regards its content, its direction, and its social form — just as much as material and instrument are. Therefore the product too appears to it as a combination of alien material, alien instrument and alien labour — as alien property, and after production it has become poorer by the life force expended, and it begins the DRUDGERY anew as labour capacity EMPLOYED by the conditions of labour.”  MECW 34 p. 246

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About HR

Deep in the adjunct crackhole.
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