Tag Archives: 1861-63

Marx’s Negative Humanism in 1861-63.

I think the following is my favorite Marx passage on human nature. In contrast to the more famous ones, this one is entirely negative, and gives an account of humanity’s unique capacity for misery: “If man is distinguished from all … Continue reading

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The Valoristation Process in 1861-63

I include what follows because of its stress on the objectivity of the alien forms and their place in the valorization process: The term “valorisation process” is not to be taken in its previous sense as a process of the … Continue reading

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The Dynamic of Social Reproduction and Subsumption.

Another summary passage, but worth highlighting, because of the notion that the inner tendency of capital gives ‘reality a form’, and the discussion of how the phases of subsumption feature in this dynamic: “If we presuppose the capitalist mode of … Continue reading

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Reproduction on the cheap.

Here Marx some important elements of social reproduction that cost capital nada: “The natural growth of population is one of the results of reproduction; it is firstly itself accumulation (of human beings) and secondly the prerequisite of the process of … Continue reading

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Value in 1861-63.

More passages that demand as much scrutiny as the ones on estranged labour in 1844: “If we consider first of all the relationship as it has become, value which hasbecome capital (and surplus value which has become surplus capital), and … Continue reading

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Value in 1861-63 continued

  “In so far as the surplus product is valorised anew as surplus capital, enters anew the labour process and the process of self-valorisation, it divides itself into: 1) means of subsistence to be exchanged for labour capacity. This part … Continue reading

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The independent being-for-itself of Value

More on value in terms of autonomous personification and inversion: “The independent being-for-itself of value in the form of money (as value) or materially in the form of productive capital, means of production, which also includes means of subsistence — … Continue reading

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Productive Labour in 1861-63

Near the end of the 1861-63 notebooks Marx returns to the distinction between productive and unproductive labour. The following is a particularly definition of productive labour: “In the real production process labour is converted in reality into capital, but thisconversion … Continue reading

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Captialism as the rule of things over people.

Boosh– “The material result of capitalist production — apart from the development of the productive powers of social labour itself, which here appear to be merely means for the exploitation of labour — is an increase in the amount of … Continue reading

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Capital in 1861-63 Continued.

And the following lengthy which incorporates many of the phenomena I have posted on such as domination, personification, reification, subsumption, valorisation, science etc. in one fell swoop. This is why its worth quoting in full: The capitalist himself only holds … Continue reading

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